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Children often learn to count through the numbers 1 and 2. There are many counting games that whānau can play with tamariki in everyday life.

Learning to count usually starts with rote learning – learning the names of numbers off by heart. Tamariki often enjoy reciting or singing number songs – often without any understanding of what numbers represent.

Pages 24 and 25 of the Whakatipu booklet Te Kōhuri 2 are about going shopping.

Ask whānau:

  • What’s happening in this cartoon?
  • Does your child know any numbers?
  • What do you think they mean when they use numbers?
  • Where do you think they learned them?

Learning steps

Children start learning to count by understanding the meaning of 1 and 2.

There are lots of opportunities to count with children in everyday life. A child may even be able to count, that is, say the numbers in the right order. But it will take lots of experiences – practice, fun, games, talking and playing – before they actually understand that 1 refers to 1 thing and 2 refers to 2 things and so on.

Whānau can let their child learn by doing. Give them opportunities to play, sort and match objects. Give them ideas and language rather than trying to force them to actually count. Maths and ideas about numbers are everywhere.

Keep it fun. It’s not a lesson to be drilled. Try counting steps, plates on the table, spoons by the plates, toothbrushes in the bathroom, dolls, toys, cars, fingers, arms and legs. ‘One for me’ and ‘one for you’ and ‘one for teddy’.

Ideas for maths conversations

Here are some ideas for ‘maths conversations’ that parents can have during play with their child or alongside daily activities.

  • ‘Let’s have the same number of strawberries.’
  • ‘We can cut the apple in 2 pieces. Half for you and half for me.’
  • ‘Shall I cut your bread into 2 pieces or 4?’
  • ‘Do you think these crackers will all fit in this container?’
  • ‘Let’s put all the red blocks together.’
  • ‘Do you want 1 more or 2 more?’

There are many songs, finger plays, rhymes, activities and games for learning about numbers and counting.

How does this relate to Tākai resources?

Baby wall frieze – E aroha ana ahau ki te ako – I love to learn

Even when you think I'm 'just playing' I'm actually learning about the world

Six things children need – Te kōrero me te whakarongo – Talking and listening

We listen to all their questions and try and give them simple and honest answers

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